Replicating nature's nutrient cycle by creating closed loops for the recycling and reuse of those man-made (technical) elements of our consumption delivers efficiency, reduces cost and resource use and protects the environment.
We have concentrated, extracted and combined raw natural elements into new and unique elements such as plastics, aluminium, mercury and acids. Recently we have realised that to use these resources efficiently and avoid them spoiling the environment, we need to create closed loops that allow us to move these technical materials from one use to another in the same way nature cycles nutrients, water, or energy throughout its ecosystems. In this manner we need to see one person's technical waste as the feedstock for another's technical process and product.
Recycling plastics, paper, metal, and glass are all steps in this direction. The end point is that all man-made products and materials are able to be recycled and reused.
Purchase recycled products. To complete the recycling loop we need to purchase recycled products (see our Purchase Recycled Products action).
Recycle all that you can. Council offers kerbside recycle bins in which to place the following:
Use specialist recyclers of technical waste where available. Most states have directories of specialist recyclers that will take everything from your old paint and oil to your printer cartridges.
Recycle dead compact fluorescent globes. The new efficient lightglobes are great, however they contain small amounts of mercury and need to be disposed of in a way that prevents this mercury entering nature, our soil and food.
The Australian Government in partnership with the lighting industry is developing FluoroCycle, a scheme aimed to increase recycling rates for mercury-containing globes.
Visit the Department of the Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities web page for more information on the Fluoro-cycle and recycling of light globes.
Recycle your e-waste. Electronic waste also known as “e-waste” , contains toxic and hazardous substances, which when confined to landfill, can leach into the ground water and cause contamination. E-waste is generally defined as any item with a battery or electrical cord (computers, printers, monitors, mobile phones etc.). The proliferation of information technology has led to an increasing need to recycle used or obsolete computing equipment.
E-waste can be recycled, however, before deciding to send your old computer to a recycler, consider donating it to a community group, local charity, school or family member.
Recycle your mobile phones. For every mobile phone in use, there are two more sitting unused in a draw somewhere! Mobile phones contain nickel, cobalt, cadmium, gold, silver and plastics which can be recycled and re-used. Most mobile phone retailers have recycling boxes. Alternatively, call Mobile Muster for a full list of drop-off locations.
Television and computer recycling
Every year Australians purchase millions of televisions and related components to replace equipment superseded by faster and more powerful technologies. In 2007/08 an estimated 16.8 million televisions and computers reached the end of their useful life in Australia. In 2027/28, this figure is predicted to reach 44 million.
Why recycle televisions?
Televisions containing cathode ray tubes are one of the leading causes of lead contamination in municipal waste streams. These tubes can contain up to 4 kg of lead and other toxic materials such as mercury, cadmium and arsenic. Lead is a cumulative poison that can contaminate groundwater and have harmful effects on human and animal health. By recycling televisions, waste is diverted from landfill and resources such as metals, precious metals, plastics and glass are recovered.
What happens when televisions are recycled?
Some television components may still be useable, enabling certain parts to be directed into a reuse stream. To be recycled, televisions must be broken down into their many different components.
Cathode ray tube (CRT) glass contains a high concentration of lead. This means it can't go back into the normal glass recovery process like glass bottles. CRT glass is typically crushed and cleaned. One of the major reuses for CRT glass is in manufacturing new television and computer monitors.
Circuit boards are shredded down to a fine powder and separated into plastics and precious metals. This material can be reformed into a range of products.
Plastic casings are shredded and tested for their composition. Once identified, the plastics can be melted and extruded for use in new products.
Scrap metals are typically melted down to form new metal-based components.
Australia will soon have a national recycling scheme for computers. Find out more here.
Recycling printer cartridges
Up to 85 per cent of printer cartridges sold in Australia end up as landfill, which is a problem as they are hazardous to both people and the environment.
However printer cartridges as well as faxes, photocopiers and printers can be recycled. Fortunately a successful program between manufacturers and Plant Ark, Cartridges 4 Planet Ark is at hand. Check their website for drop-off locations.
Some office suppliers will also take used printer cartridges for recycling.
Recycling batteries isn’t always easy but the number of local collection points is increasing.
Council provides drop-off locations for hazardous waste.
The only national collection program for batteries is run by Cleanaway. They collect primary and secondary batteries in flat-packed boxes that can be sent back for recycling.
There are a number of other local programs for recycling batteries. Search Recycling Near You to find collection points in your local area.
In order to reduce the strain our ongoing consumption is putting on the environment, we need to use less and use it many times (ideally, perpetually). Creating closed loops by recycling all that we can moves us in this direction.
In 2009-2010, Australia generated approximately 53 million tonnes of solid waste, or about 2 tonnes per household. Approximately 23 per cent of this waste is from households with most buried in landfill. This represents a huge ongoing loss of invested energy, extracted resources and natural services that could otherwise be recycled back into other man-made products and materials. Source: ABS, 2013, Waste Account, Australia, Experimental Estimates, Australia
Recycling of toxic chemicals, radioactive materials and other non-biodegradable materials is the alternative to attempting to store them in landfill facilities. Inadequate disposal of these materials has allowed many man-made toxins to enter the oceans and contaminate seafood. Mercury turns into its organic form, methylmercury, and accumulates in the tissue of tuna, swordfish and shark (large, old fish at the top of the food chain). Chemicals such as DDT and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyl), dioxin, toxaphene, and dieldrin can accumulate in fish (especially farm-fed fish) and are all suspected to cause cancer in humans.
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